A hot spot on the moon’s surface has been described as “flaming hot” by a UN scientist, with a new report finding the area on the Red Planet is home to “the hottest water ever found”.
Key points:Scientists estimate the hot spot could have been created in just over a million yearsThe UN has called for the region to be renamed a UNESCO World Heritage siteThe findings have been hailed as groundbreakingThe hot spot was discovered by NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, which is mapping the lunar surface to determine if water has ever existed on the surface.
“This is the hottest place on Earth,” said James Riedl, a senior scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, who led the study.
“The water that we’re seeing is probably at least 10,000 times hotter than what’s currently in the Moon.”
He said the hotspot could have had “a major impact” on the formation of the Moon.
The new findings were released as part of a report on the “hot spot” that NASA released this week.
The report, published by the National Space Biomedical Research Centre in Boulder, Colorado, found that the hot Spot, which scientists describe as “a giant pool of hot liquid water”, is the “world’s hottest place to study water”.
The research, which was carried out by Nasa’s Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer, or LADEE, spacecraft, found water was at least 4,000 degrees Celsius (9,600 degrees Fahrenheit) above sea level.
“It’s actually a big hot spot in the lunar equator,” said Dr Riedla.
“You can see the hot spots that we’ve found on the Moon in the upper atmosphere where there’s a lot of water vapor that’s getting heated up.”
Dr Riedlas said the water had come from a place called “the deep sea” in the region.
“There’s a whole ocean that’s filled with water, and there’s also a lot more water that’s floating around in the oceans of Mars,” he said.
“That water has been exposed to water vapour and it’s evaporated and it has been able to condense.”
He added the water could have come from the Earth’s surface.
Scientists have previously estimated that the moon is the third largest body in the Solar System after the Earth and the Sun.
But Dr Rieslas said his findings showed there was much more water on the planet than previously thought.
“We’ve never been able a study that’s actually taken the water from a hot spot, from a large body of water,” he told ABC Radio Perth.
“In the past, we’ve thought it was very hot, it’s really not.”
But now we know it’s the hottest water that you’ve ever seen.
“The findings come after the UN released a statement last week calling for the regions name to be changed as part the World Heritage Committee.”
With a name that has the potential to be globally recognised, the international community should make the most of this opportunity to recognise the region’s remarkable heritage and its significance for humanity,” the statement said.
Dr Riesla told ABC News: “We’re hoping that it will be recognized as a World Heritage Site, and we think that it could have major economic impact, and potentially even a new tourism destination for the people of Tulsa.”
He described the findings as “huge”.”
If it’s a hotspot, then the water that is being evaporated would be very hot.
It would be hot enough to melt the surface of the Earth.
“Dr Sivan Nair, an oceanographer at the University of Hawaii, said the new findings would not necessarily be a surprise to anyone who knew the region well.”
I think the new research is probably the first time we’ve seen water vapor on the lunar poles,” Dr Nair said.
The Red Planet, or Kuiper Belt, is a vast patch of space that includes the icy moon of Ceres and the icy dwarf planet of Ganymede.
Scientists estimate there are up to 10 million species of life on the frozen world, including up to 90,000 life forms in the watery hot spot.